Increased opposition

As a result of the failing war, Nazi opposition increased.

  • The Edelweiss Pirates

- Began attacking Nazi officials and officers

- Sang anti-Nazi songs

- 700 were arrested and 12 hanged in Cologne after they killed the gestapo chief


  • The White Rose Group

- Published more anti-Nazi leaflets

- Marched through the city in protest

- Leader was beheaded by the guillotine


  • The July Bomb Plot

- A group of army officers who tried to kill Hitler

- A briefcase bomb was placed near him, however, he was shielded from the blast by the large wooden meeting table


  • Swing Youth and Jazz Youth

- Rejected Nazi values by drinking alcohol and dancing to jazz music (considered degenerate 'Negro music')