The Munich Putsch: its failures and successes

Hitler, General Ludendorff and fellow Nazis assembled for the Munich Putsch.
Hitler and fellow Nazis in prison.
(images from Wikimedia commons)

The Munich Putsch took place on the night of the 8th of November. Hitler and 600 SA burst into a government meeting and demanded for their support in a rebellion against the Government.


On the one hand, some people think that the Munich Putsch was a failure.

One reason is because Hermann Goering and Hitler, important members of the Nazi Party, were injured while 16 Nazis were killed and Hitler and General Ludendorff subsequently arrested. The Nazi Party was then banned for two years.

Secondly, the leaders of the Bavarian Government double-crossed the Nazis and informed the Army of Hitler's plans. This made it look like the Nazis were weak and were lacking supporters. Especially because when Ludendorff pushed through to the police, no one supported him. Many belief this is a key factor that led to the failure of the Putsch.


On the other hand, other people believe that the Munich Putsch was a success.

One reason is because of the court trial resulting from the Putsch. This is because it have him a national platform to speak at. He was able to gain more support and his public speaking convinced Germans that he was the natural leader of the right-wing nationalists.

Secondly, the court was sympathetic to Hitler. This is because the judges were pro-nazi so he was only given a five year sentence in which he only served less than nine months of because he had good behaviour in prison.

Thirdly, the Munich Putsch convinced Hitler to change tactics and try to win power through democratic elections. In the end, this result in success for the Nazi party.


In conclusion, in short term, the Munich Putsch was a failure because the leaders of the Nazis were arrested and the Nazi Party was banned. However, in the long term, the Munich Putsch was successful because Hitler was able to gain more support from Germans. Also, the Nazis were able to legally get the majority of votes as guaranteed by the Weimar Constitution.