Hitler's Appointment as Chancellor

On the 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor by President Hindenburg. The Weimar Government was struggling at this time, with the two previous Chancellors; von Papen and von Schleicher both holding the position of Chancellor for very short stints. Leading up to this, since the collapse of Muller’s Social Democratic Party led Coalition, Chancellors were unable to sustain their rule for significant periods of time. This is because proportional representation meant that there were many parties with divergent interests in the Reichstag, so it was impossible to gain a majority and support for new laws. This highlighted the failure of Weimar democracy, with Hindenburg having to use Article 48 to pass almost every new law. 

Key events leading up to Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor:

Graph showing votes from 1928 to 1933 for the four largest parties

Why did Hindenburg appoint Hitler as Chancellor?

Firstly, Hitler’s personal strengths made him a prime candidate for the Chancellorship. 

Secondly, the image, proposals of Nazism and propaganda contributed to the success of Hitler and the party. 

Thirdly, the detrimental effects of the Great Depression also contributed to Hitler’s eventual appointment as Chancellor.  

Fourthly, the failure and weaknesses of the Weimar politicians themselves allowed Hitler to rise in popularity. 

In the end, the elites contributed to Hitler’s rise to power.