The causes of the Berlin Blockade, the Berlin Airlift and its consequences

After the War, Germany and it's capital Berlin, were each divided into four zones of occupation; the British, French, American and Soviet Zones. 

By June 1948, Stalin had taken control of most of Eastern Europe. In response, the Western allies joined forces to make Western Germany wealthy and pro-American. 

Western Germany had always been a rich industrial area of Europe, so it was decided that Western Germany would be included in the plans to rebuild Europe. With this aim, the USA...:

The Berlin Blockade

The blockade began on the 24th of June, when the Soviets cut all land and water connections between the allied zones and Berlin and halted all traffic and trading in and out of Berlin.

The Allies (US, UK, France) responded by cutting trade and traffic from Western Germany into East Germany.

The Berlin Airlift

The Berlin Airlift began on the 26th of June 1948 and lasted until the 30th of September the next year.

Over this time, the Western Zones of Germany flew more than 1.5 million tons of food, fuel, clothes and equipment into Berlin with around 1,000 flights landing each day. 

Surprisingly, Soviet forces did not fire on the planes and allowed them to pass over Soviet territory.

By May 1949, Stalin accepted that his attempt to force the Western Allies out of West Berlin had failed and called the blockade off.

The Allies continued the airlift until September to build up a comfortable surplus of resources in case of another blockade.

What effects did the incident in Berlin bring in Europe?

Immediate Effects

Long Term Effects