Mussolini’s approach to Education

During their time in power, the Fascists revamped the education system. It became racist, biased and served as propaganda teaching children to have national pride and to be submissive to Fascist control. 

Fascist Education aimed at ensuring total discipline, brainwashing and indoctrinating the youth by educating them on the good aspects and policies of Fascism in order to maintain the support and control over the entire country. Education in Italy was solely pro-Fascism. 

This meant that students grew up supporting Fascism and right-wing views, and they had a strong sense of nationalism and loyalty to the Fascist state. 

Religious Changes to the Education System

As a result of the Church signing various agreements with the Fascist government, there were a few changes to school life.

An Indoctrinating Curriculum

The government made other changes to the curriculum, largely with purposes of indoctrinating the youth and ensuring their support.

Controlling Educators

From 1925, the Fascists began to take a number of measures to control the teachers. 

Aside from forcing professors to take oaths, they didn’t really enact any policies on universities, as long as they did not express hostility towards the Fascist government.

Fascist Youth Organisations

The Opera Nazionale Balilla (ONB) 

It consisted of subgroups for boys and girls, ranging from the ages of 6 to 18. It was run by the party from 1926 until 1929, then the education ministry, until 1937 when it was replaced by Gioventù Italiana del Littorio, GIL. Similar to Nazi Germany’s youth organisations, they covered a range of activities from sports and military drills to propaganda lectures. 

• Fascio Giovanile del Littorio 

This was in place from 1930. It was for youths aged 18 to 21 who were not at university

• Gruppi Universitari Fascisti

This was in place from 1930. It was for youths aged 18 to 21 who were studying at university.

How effective was Fascist Education?