The Education System
    of Nazi Germany

Adolf Hitler said, "He alone who owns the youth, owns the future”.
This largely formed his plan of action towards the education system in Nazi Germany. 

Nazi education policies towards boys

Hitler aimed to create loyal and obedient Nazis who would lead Germany in the future. 

The Nazis wanted to create a physically and racially healthy German race, whilst they needed to be prepared for becoming soldiers in the army. Thus, education had to be focused on strict discipline, obedience and physical education. 

Nazi education policies towards girls

Hitler aimed to teach young girls how to...

The League of German girls instilled the traditional values of housekeeping, raising children and modesty into young girls. 

They were also taught how to dress, with traditional, conservative German clothing being heavily promoted. 

While being taught the core subjects, there was a separate education curriculum for girls that mostly focused on building up young girls to learn about motherhood, reproduction and being a housewife. Girls had to take Eugenics and Domestic Science and were taught how to select a husband, based on the best genetic and physical qualities.  

They heavily promoted having children to young women. As a special award for mothers who had more than four children, they were presented with "The Mother's Cross”.

Nazi education policies towards teachers

With the changes to the education system, those in positions of employment within education were significantly impacted. 

During the years of Nazi rule, teachers were used as a tool to indoctrinate the youth. In order to ensure the loyalty of the teachers to the Nazi party and make sure teachers remained absolutely obedient to the State, teachers were required to join the Nazi Teachers’ Association from 1933. By 1936, 32% of the teachers were members of the Nazi Party.

In 1933, all Jewish teachers were sacked following the implementation of the Law for the Restoration of professional civil service.