The Treaty of Shimonoseki
The Treaty of Shimonoseki was signed on April 17th 1895, concluding the first Sino-Japanese War and signifying the defeat of China. It was signed in Shunpanrou Hall, Shimonoseki in the Yamaguchi prefecture of Japan.
The main terms included:
Recognising Korean independence
Ceding Taiwan, the Pescadores Islands, and the Liaodong Peninsula to Japan
Paying an indemnity of 200,000,000 kuping taels (equivalent to 7,500,000 kilograms of silver) to Japan
Opening the ports of Shashi (沙市), Chongqing (重庆), Suzhou (苏州), and Hangzhou (杭州) to Japanese trade.