National Fascist Party (PNF)

Founded: March 23, 1919 (as Italian Fasces of Combat); November 9, 1921 (as PNF)

Disbanded: 27 July 1943

Banned: 1 January 1948

Founders: Benito Mussolini (as Duce)

Major Beliefs: Nationalism, Expansionism, Militarism, etc. 

Party Development until 1922

Mussolini formed the Fascist Revolutionary Action after being expelled by the Italian Socialist Party. 

On 23 March 1919, it was renamed Italian Fasces of Combat. Their support increased as Italians felt anger towards their treatment in the Treaty of St. Germain. Their policies attracted support from the War Veterans who felt their service had been made worthless by the lack of rewards at the Paris Peace Conference. 

On 9 November 1921, it was renamed again and Mussolini formed the National Fascist Party (PNF).

Impact on the political development of Italy: