What was the Stresa Front?

What was the Stresa Front and how did Britain respond to the remilitarisation of the Rhineland?

What were the aims of the Stresa Front and why did it fail to achieve its aims?

The Stresa Front was Alliance between Britain, France and Italy that was agreed on 14th April 1935 when their prime ministers met to discuss their concerns towards Germany.

In Stresa, Italy, they signed an agreement which established the Stresa Front. 




In October 1935, Mussolini invaded Abyssinia. He had expected his Stresa Front allies not to oppose him, however, when they supported the sanctions imposed on Italy by the League, he withdrew Italy from the League and the Stresa Front.

France was worried by the remilitarisation of Germany and Britain's acceptance of it and felt increasingly isolated and vulnerable after the Stresa Front collapsed. Despite the fact that they were reluctant and considered the communist country to be untrustworthy, they signed a Treaty of Mutual Assistance with the USSR in 1935. This is because they shared similar concerns with the USSR.

In their Treaty of Mutual Assistance, they agreed to support each other in the event of an attack by another European nation.

Why did Britain and France not take any action when Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles?

Hitler and Chamberlain met, following Chamberlain's policy of appeasement and negotiated to suit Hitler's foreign policy needs.