1902: Anglo-Japanese Alliance

The Anglo-German alliance was signed at Lansdowne House in London on 30 January 1902 by British foreign secretary, Lord Lansdowne, and Hayashi Tadasu, a Japanese diplomat. It was formed as Japan wanted support against Russia, while also wanting to gain support from foreign powers in regards to it’s control over Korea. Meanwhile, Britain wished to counter Russia’s expansion, therefore, they needed naval support in the far east.

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Did it lead to Japan being recognised as a world power?

On the one hand, the alliance essentially meant that Britain recognised Japan as a world power of equal status as themselves.

On the other hand, despite its recognition by the largest empire in the history of the world,  Japan was still not recognised as a world power by the other European powers.

Cancellation in the 1921-22 Washington treaties

The Washington Conference (1921-22) formally ended the Anglo-Japanese alliance which had embarrassed Britain as...